There is now a new section over at Galciv2Guide.com which details the available upgrades you can add to your ships.
Included in this section are full details on ship weapons, all viewable in easy to understand graphs.
For instance: -
The above graph clearly shows you the name and damage caused for each missile in the game. There are more being added for the other weapon types etc.
AAR's, Mods, News & Components now avaialable